World Park Foto
Quality Nature Photography
   Home      Translations      AB-Jasper
Please enable your browser javascript for automatic translation ...
Jasper National Park
Jasper Town

Jasper Hawes managed the Northwest Co. fur trading outpost for almost half a century from 1820's-1870's. "Jasper's House" was the main stop for all fur traders, travellers, adventurers and explorers. By 1909 “Jasper’s House” was gone, and the era of fur traders was replaced by the age of steam engines - the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway of England. The town of Jasper originated in 1911 from a railway settlement named Fitzhugh, president of the Grand Trunk Pacific railway which ran from 1852-1919 before merging with CN Rail in 1920.

Sept. 14, 1907 the newly created Jasper Forest Reserve "... a forest reserve of 13,000 sq. km ...for the preservation of forest trees,...the rivers and streams that have their source in the mountains and traverse the province of Alberta." Jasper was made a National Park in 1930, then a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1984. Jasper's present day reduced size of 10,878 sq. km. are home to elk, caribou, moose, deer, bighorn sheep, mountain goat, bear, beaver, pika, marmot, grey wolf, cougar, wolverine, many species of mountain butterflies, birds, bats, fish, and insects.

In the background of the photo is the Colin range of mountains named for Colin Robertson, a caretaker for Jasper House. The name of the Athabasca River appears to have been derived from Cree (woods dialect) language, from the word aðapaskāw means "[where] there are plants one after another" a reference to the sporadic vegetation along the river. The river origin is the Columbia Glacier of the Columbia Icefields at the souther end of Jasper National Park.

Spirit Island

In 1907 the area was popularized by the writings of a tourist, Mary Schaeffer, who explored the area using a map obtained from a local native, for whom Samson Peak is named. Maligne Lake was first called “Chaba Imbne”, native for “Beaver Lake”. Spirit Island was named by Harry Rowed, a railway contractor-photographer in the 1940's-50's, who became famous for his photos of the area. This place was well known to natives, and was likely named by them much earlier probably with the same spiritual intent. We all enjoy the purity of this tranquil, pristine wilderness that enables us to contemplate harmony with nature. Maligne Lake hosts about 60 species of birds, and a very small herd (less than twenty) of endangered Mountain Caribou. To keep this area unspoiled, the only access is by a 40 minute tour boat ride or by canoe.  Left - Maligne Mtn ( 3200m ) Mt Paul "the Thumb" ( 2850m ) then Mt Unwin behind the trees. A massive glacier can also be seen in the distance. Maligne Lake & all the mountain peaks were named in 1911 by Mary Schaeffer, who politely declined to name anything for herself. In her honour, a mountain and lake are named for her at Lake O'Hara, Yoho National Park, ( 25 km West of Lake Louise, Banff ).
Pyramid Mtn & Patricia Lake

Athabasca Falls
Mt Edith Cavell
Edith Cavell Glacier & Lake (pre-avalanche)
Sunwapta Falls
Columbia Icefields
Mount Athabasca

Athabasca is believed to come from the native Woods Cree language, as the word aðapaskāw means "[where] there are plants one after another" - referring to plants growing along the river by this name, which was explored and named before this mountain. While exploring Sunwapta Pass in August 1898, Norman Collie, Herman Woolley, and Hugh Stutfield were very impressed with Mount Athabasca.  Stutfield and Collie wrote - “Immediately opposite our camp, to the south-west, rose a noble snow-crowned peak, about 12,000 feet in height, with splendid rock precipices and hanging glaciers; and on its right the tongue of a fine glacier descended in serpentine sinuosities to the bottom of the valley. We named them Athabasca Peak and Glacier respectively.  The spirits of us three climbers rose high, and our blood was stirred within us at the thought of being once more on the ice and snow…It was decided, therefore, that we should attack the peak next day."  

On August 18, 1898, they completed the first ascent of Mount Athabasca, the spectacular peak to the South-East of Mount Andromeda, and South of Athabasca Glacier. Collie's description "The view that lay before us in the evening light was one that does not often fall to the lot of modern mountaineers. A new world was spread at our feet; to the westward stretched a vast ice-field probably never before seen by human eye, and surrounded by entirely unknown, un-named, and unclimbed peaks. From its vast expanse of snows, the Saskatchewan Glacier takes its rise, and it also supplies the headwaters of the Athabasca; while far away to the west, bending over in those unknown valleys glowing with evening light, the level snows stretched, to finally melt and flow down more than one channel into the Columbia River, and thence to the Pacific Ocean."

Mount Andromeda

Mount Andromeda is located between Athabasca Glacier and Saskatchewan Glacier, of the Columbia Icefield, near the border of Banff & Jasper parks. Glacial snow & ice melt provides vital water for the large Athabasca & Saskatchewan rivers which flow through Alberta,Saskatchewan, and the Northwest Territories.    Mt. Andromeda is 3450m (11319 ft.) high andwas first climbed in 1930 by W.R. Hainsworth, J.F. Lehmann, M.M.Strumia, N.B. Waffle. Mt. Andromeda was named in 1938 by Rex Gibson, a president of the Alpine Club of Canada.

Andromeda was a princess from Greek mythology - her name means "to think of, or be mindful of a man."  In Greek mythology, Andromeda was the daughter of Cepheus and Cassiopeia, king and queen of the Phoenician kingdom Ethiopia. Her mother Cassiopeia bragged that she was more beautiful than the Nereids, the nymph-daughters of the sea god Nereus and often seen accompanying Poseidon. To punish the Queen for her arrogance,Poseidon, brother to Zeus and God of the Sea, sent the sea monster Cetus to ravage the coast of Ethiopia including the kingdom of the vain Queen. The desperate King consulted the Oracle of Zeus, who announced that there would be no relief until the king sacrificed his daughter Andromeda to the monster Cetus. Andromeda was chained naked to a rock on the coast of Jaffa. Perseus, returning from having slain the Gorgon Medusa, found Andromeda and slew the sea monster Cetus. Perseus set Andromeda free, married her, and raised a family. After her death, Andromeda was placed by mythology demi-godess Athena to be in the heavenly skies near constellations Perseus and Cassiopeia. REmember in those ancient times, the Gods (plural) lived in the heavens revealed in the night sky.


Bing Translator
Enable collaborative features and customize widget: Bing Webmaster Portal